Stimulating research and development (R&D) and innovation is central to the Flemish government policies. In 2003 Flanders signed the Innovation Pact, thereby endorsing the European Lisbon strategy and the Barcelona-goals to increase R&D expenditure to 3% of the GDRP (Gross Domestic Regional Product). The ambition to attain this norm was reaffirmed with the signing of the 2020 Pact on January 20th, 2009, in Hasselt. This entails a formal commitment by all participants on the Flemish innovation landscape (government, corporations, universities, and research institutions) to attain the 3% norm by 2014 through common and complementary efforts. Implementing the 3% norm implies first of all that there has to be good R&D data available at the Flemish level. The federal Belgian government is responsible for delivering data on R&D activities in Belgium to Eurostat.
In the R&D survey, data is collected on research and development (R&D) in corporations. In Flanders, this biannually survey is conducted by the Centre for R&D Monitoring for the federal and regional authorities, and in close cooperation with the other regions and the federal POD WB  through the CFS-Stat . The Innovation Studies group of the Centre for R&D Monitoring collects the Flemish data and checks the validity and consistency, after which indicators relevant for policy are calculated.
 Programmatorische Federale Overheidsdienst Wetenschapsbeleid
 Discussion groep "Inventaris en statistieken inzake onderzoek en experimentele ontwikkeling" installed by the Commissie Federale Samenwerking (CFS)